Waec 2017 History Answer – May/June Expo
*FOR SIERRA LEONE*
*SECTION C ANSWERS*
Examine the roles which geography had played to
influence the History of ethnic groups in Ghana before
1.rivers had provided avenues for trade and social
intercourse among the various groups of people in
2.Geography had been a major factor in the distribution
of occupations, location of industries and market
3.it had determined the type of warfare in different
areas of settlement;
4.it had a powerful influence on social engagement of
the people, the type of food they ate, their mode of
5.the climate had dictated agricultural activities of the
What five features made Benin famous as a centre of
1.the Benin City wall had a massive earth work;
2.the Benin ivory carvings were used to record
3.the Benin ivory carvings were also used for
4.Benin bronze works were among the most beautiful
in the world;
5.Benin brass work made Benin famous;
6.decorative woodwork was used to distinguish the
buildings of the nobles.
(a) Mention three steps taken by Ghana to obtain salt
(b) Name any six tools used in salt processing
(c) In what three ways was salt medically important to
the traditional Ghana Societies?
(a) (i) collecting mud impregnated with salt;
(ii) pouring water on mud to produce the brine;
(iii) sieving the brine;
(iv) boiling the brine.
(b) (i) Hoes
(iv) Metal cups
(v) Sticks, etc.
(c) (i) Salt was used as an antiseptic;
(ii) it was used in treating sore eyes;
(ii) it was used in treating stomach ache;
(iv) it was used in treating sore throat;
(v) it was used in cleaning teeth;
(vi) it was used in treating animals.
(a) List any three names of individuals whose efforts
led to the abolition of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
(b) Highlight any four factors that led to the
suppression of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
(a) (i) William Wilberforce;
(ii) Granville Sharp;
(iii) Thomas Clarkson;
(iv) Ottobah Cuguano;
(v) The American Quakers (Society of Friends);
(vi) Quakers/Society of Friends;
(vii) Henry Thorton
(viii) Fowel Buxton
(ix) James Stephen
(x) Lord Mansfield
(xi) Olauda Equiano
(xii) Thomas Paine
(xiii) Adam Smith
(b) (i) individuals who had suffered from the horrors of
this trade exposed the attendant evils e.g. Olauda
Equiano, Ottobah Cuguano;
(ii) within Africa, some rulers made efforts to suppress
the trade e.g. King Agaja of Dahomey;
(iii) American Quakers condemned the trade;
(iv) opposition also came from the British
humanitarians who formed the society of the Quakers,
e.g. Granville Sharp, William Wilberforce;
(v) signing of anti-slavery trade treaties with European
and other governments;
(vi) activities of the Christian missionaries. This group
wrote books, formed movements that spoke out against
the slave trade;
(vii) passing of legislation against slave trade, e.g. in
1804 the Danish government renounced the trade,
Britain in 1807 and USA in 1808;
(viii) the activities of the British Naval squadron did a
lot to end the trade from its source in West Africa;
(ix) the industrial Revolution which drastically reduced
the need for slave labour.
*SECTION C ANSWERS*
the sherbro political structure consented of sub-chiefs
that ruled the political provinces.. Three of there are
i Sei Bureh Of Terma Bum
ii So Kong of Impen
iii So to of cha
2b.i The sherbro political organization was based on an
elective principles that is the leader were elected
ii the rulers were descendant of matrimonial ruling
iii The poro society served as an advisory council to
king, Bei sherbro
iv. The sherbro country was divided into provinces
placed under sub-chiefs. It’s mean that they have a
system of decentralization
*BENEFITS SIERRA LEONE DERIVES FROM ECOWAS*
i. Bilateral trading
ii. Financial assistance
iii. Educational support(scholarship to study anywhere)
iv. Political stabilization
v. Help in peace making
(6a) The Block Poor, Nova scotians and the Maroon.
(6b) 1 The rebellion resulted in the victory of the Sierra
Leone Company( The then governing body of the
(2) The ring leaders of the rebellion were arrested and
tried. Some were killed and others banished from the
(3) The rebellion led to the Bankruptcy of the Sierra
Leone Company. When the colony the colony was
destroyed by the French in 1794, the company spent
55000 pounds for the rehabilitation of the colony. And
in other to get back the money spent by the company.
The company imposed taxes on the nova Scotia which
they refused to pay and eventually led to it bankruptcy.
(4) Finally, the local government program of the Nova
Scotians was dissolved. This was as a result of the
rebellion against the company in 1800.
*SECTION C ANSWERS*
7a (1)Governor Ransford Slater
(2) Governor Hubert Stevenson
(3) Governor Beresford Stooke.
7b The Chiefs were very important in the colonial administration of the British.
The following were the roles played bythe chiefs.
(1) They helped the colonial administration to collect taxes and from the people and implemented policies of the Government.
(2) Chiefs were heads of their people or heads of ethnic life in terms of demoestic and customary issues. They were responsible for interpretations and enforcement of customary laws. They settled disputes in matters relating to native and customary laws.e.g. marriage, witchcraft and woman palava to namebut a few.
(3) They acted as intermediaries between the colonial government and the natives. Paramount chiefs explained colonial policies to their subjects. The British colonial administration got the acceptance of the people through the help of the chiefs.
(4) The Chiefs helped the British colonial administrators to maintain law and order as well as security through the establishment of native police force. The dealt with minor cases and local people were compelled to be law abiding. The Chiefs made used of age grades as law enforcement agencies.
(5) They mobilized their subjects for the building of their chiefdoms through customary labour and tributes. They led their people and motivated them in communal work. Chiefs ensured the maintenance of roads, bridges,schools, health clinics and markets. They also ensured that the general sanitary conditions of the town and villages in their chiefdoms were maintained. The Chiefs organized force labour for the British colonial administration.